Наверное, сегодня уже все слышали об этом чудо-устройство, но для многих принцип его работы и сферы применения остается загадкой. И это тогда, когда он становится все более доступным и простым в использовании, а польза от него очевидна. Так же в этой статье мы поговорим о том, как этот прибор работает и для чего он был изобретен.

3D принтер: будущее рядом

Что это такое?

Для начала стоит сказать, что такое 3D-печать. Желанная писателями-фантастами, технология 3D-печати прошла стремительный путь развития. Начиная с 80-х годов, когда о ней впервые заговорили, ученые неустанно работали над ее совершенствованием. “Магичность” этой технологии заключается в простоте создания трехмерных объектов. Вы создаете модель с помощью компьютерной программы, запускаете ее на печать и уже через несколько минут (или часов, суток, зависит от сложности модели) перед вами встает вполне физический объект. И для этого вам нужен 3D-принтер, основанный на этой технологии.

Сегодня существуют профессиональные и персональные 3D-принтеры. В то время как первые позволяют создавать сложные модели из разнообразных материалов и занимают достаточно большие размеры, вторые имеют значительно меньшие габариты и печатают только специальным пластиком.

Как он работает?

В отличии от привычного нам принтера, печатающего красками на бумаге, конструкция 3Д принтера построена таким образом, чтобы на основе трехмерной модели создать ее физическую копию. 3D-печать может осуществляться различными  способами и с применением различных материалов, но в основу  любого из способов заложен принцип послойного создания твердого объекта.

На сегодняшний день существует две самые распространенные технологии печати. Одна из них – это лазерная технология. В ее основе лежит ультрафиолетовый лазер который последовательно, шаг за шагом, засвечивает жидкий фотополимер (вещество, изменяется под влиянием света), Либо фотополимер, через фотошаблон, засвечивается специальной ультрафиолетовой лампой. Фотошаблон меняется с  каждым новым слоем. Под воздействием ультрафиолета полимер затвердевает и превращается в довольно прочный пластик. Также модель может создаваться из большого количества слоев, которые постепенно накладываются друг на друга и склеиваются, при этом лазер вырезает в каждом слое контур сечения будущей детали.

Существует также струйная технология, которая заключается в застывании материала при охлаждении. Капли разогретого термопластика быстро застывают и прилипают друг к другу, формируя слои будущего объекта.

При этом невозможно однозначно сказать, какая технология является лучшей, ведь в зависимости от цели используются соответствующие технологии. Главное то, что результат зависит от возможностей конкретной модели принтера, и фактически ограничивается лишь человеческой фантазией и сложностью конструкции объекта.

Что он может?

Конечно, 3D-принтер не может напечатать целиком ракету или пассажирский самолет, но отдельные его части – запросто. Мало того, недавно появился первый автомобиль, напечатанный 3D-принтером. Сферы применения технологии 3D-печати является чрезвычайно широкими. Это и протезы для людей и животных, печать космических конструкций, человеческих органов, текстильных и ювелирных изделий, обуви, произведений искусства и многое другое. Даже еду можно напечатать, если было бы соответствующее сырье.

Какие его преимущества?

Преимуществами 3Д принтеров перед способами создания моделей, которыми пользовались до этого времени, являются высокая скорость, простота и относительно низкая стоимость печати. Например, для того, чтобы создать модель вручную скорее всего понадобиться несколько недель или даже месяцев (в зависимости от сложности изделия) в то время как 3D-принтер может выполнить все гораздо быстрее. В результате значительно возрастают затраты на разработку, увеличиваются сроки выпуска готовой продукции. Даже в сравнении с многоступенчатым конвейерным производством, что введенное в построении современных транспортных средств, технология 3D-печати позволяет значительно упростить отдельные его ступени. 3D-принтеры позволяют полностью избавиться от ручного труда и создавать объекты значительно быстрее. К тому же полностью исчезает человеческий фактор, что делает процесс производства более безопасным.

Сколько он стоит?

Лишь несколько лет назад, с появлением персональных моделей, стоимость 3D-принтеров начала снижаться. Сегодня их цена колеблется с 400$ до 10 000$ и выше, кроме этого, стоит учитывать также и сырье для производства. Но, как показывает время, все больше людей согласны распрощаться с внушительной суммой денег за возможность почувствовать себя настоящим творцом.

141 КОММЕНТАРИИ

  1. I just want to tell you that I am just all new to blogging and absolutely enjoyed you’re web page. Most likely I’m want to bookmark your website . You surely have remarkable writings. Thanks a bunch for sharing your web-site.

  2. I had been questioning occasion you ever considered altering design from the website? Its really correctly created; I really like what youve obtained to mention. But possibly you may small much more with respect to content so males could get connected to it greater. Youve obtained a horrible total lot of text for less than receiving a single or two images. Maybe you’ll have the ability to area against each other greater?

  3. I really love to write and I’m pretty good at it. But whenever I try to write a story or something I start off good but always end up throwing it away—I can never seem to finish it. . . Sometimes I have a good idea that I really like but it’s just hard for me to write a story about and keep going. I like creative writing, but now I’ve almost given up because I can’t even write a short story. HELP!!! What should I do?. Any good creative writing websites to help me get started? Books?. I’m DESPERATE!!.

  4. Awsome post and straight to the point. I am not sure if this is truly the best place to ask but do you people have any ideea where to employ some professional writers? Thx 🙂

  5. I have a wordpress blog and I would like to remove everything (it’s hosted on my own domain and hosting) because I would like to delete my site. How can I save my blog posts in a folder or something in my documents (offline) because I don’t want to delete everything completely. Can I do that in one go, if I can even do it ? Thank you !.

  6. I am trying to get remote desktop connection going, for the computers in the same network.. The problem is, my computer (Windows 7) does not seem to register the other computers on the network.. . Can anybody point me in the direction that might solve this issue?. The other computers are xp, if that makes a difference.. The other computers are xp, if that makes a difference..

  7. I just want to tell you that I’m new to blogging and really liked you’re web-site. More than likely I’m going to bookmark your blog . You absolutely come with really good writings. Kudos for revealing your website page.

  8. Thanks for all of the efforts on this website. Kim enjoys participating in research and it’s really easy to understand why. All of us know all of the powerful form you create practical thoughts by means of your web site and even encourage response from people about this content while my girl is really being taught so much. Take pleasure in the remaining portion of the year. You are always doing a really great job.

  9. WordPress is up and running on my host — but it completely mismatches my site’s existing theme/CSS. How hard would it be to modify/write a new theme to make it fit in? Is there an easier way to do this?.

  10. Magnificent goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you are just extremely wonderful. I actually like what you’ve acquired here, certainly like what you’re stating and the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it smart. I cant wait to read far more from you. This is actually a great web site.

  11. My spouse and i ended up being quite fulfilled when Louis managed to finish up his inquiry out of the ideas he grabbed out of the web site. It’s not at all simplistic to simply possibly be giving out tips and hints which usually the rest may have been selling. And now we grasp we need you to be grateful to for this. All of the explanations you’ve made, the easy site navigation, the friendships you can assist to create — it’s most wonderful, and it is helping our son and our family understand the issue is entertaining, and that’s extraordinarily vital. Many thanks for everything!

  12. Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to more added agreeable from you! However, how can we communicate?

  13. Wonderful site. A lot of useful info here. I am sending it to several friends ans additionally sharing in delicious. And naturally, thank you on your sweat!

  14. I love checking out personal blogs, Mommy blog sites, and so on. What is the best way to locate these sorts of blog sites online? The most effective approach I have is just complying with faves individuals have — mosting likely to one blog writers «favorites» after that the next blog writers favorites, and so forth … I’ve attempted Google Blogsearch but all that provides me is old news articles, and so on. Nothing personal whatsoever … How do you look for personal blogs?.

  15. Actually my blog site name is not relevant to my blog site niche. in this time i want to transform my blog to a web site with blog owner. however i do not recognize if i will do it, then just how much will affect my blog website traffic?.

  16. I’ve read a few just right stuff here. Certainly worth bookmarking for revisiting.
    I surprise how much attempt you set to create this
    type of fantastic informative website.

  17. Hello there! Would you mind if I share your blog with my
    zynga group? There’s a lot of folks that I think would really appreciate your content.

    Please let me know. Thanks

  18. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could add to my blog
    that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates. I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time
    and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with
    something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

  19. I am really impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your weblog.
    Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it’s rare to see a nice blog like this
    one today.

  20. Thanks for the marvelous posting! I certainly enjoyed reading it, you could be
    a great author. I will be sure to bookmark your blog and will often come back from now on. I want to encourage
    you to definitely continue your great writing, have
    a nice evening!

  21. Your style is really unique in comparison to other people I’ve read stuff from.
    Many thanks for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I will just bookmark this page.

  22. I wish to begin a blog site where I can talk to people and also have them reply to my blogs. Not myspace or facebook. I attempted blog owner however the only blogs I could find were about international warming and weapons. I want some where that I can open up an account and also state what I feel and people react to my blogs and I can reply to theres. If anybody could help me that would certainly be wonderful!.

  23. You’re so interesting! I don’t believe I’ve truly read through something like this before.
    So good to find someone with original thoughts on this subject.
    Seriously.. thanks for starting this up. This web site is
    something that is needed on the internet, someone with a bit of originality!

  24. My brother recommended I would possibly like this web site.

    He was entirely right. This put up truly made my day.
    You can not imagine just how so much time I had spent for
    this information! Thank you!

  25. Hi there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and
    found that it’s truly informative. I am gonna watch out for brussels.
    I will be grateful if you continue this in future. Lots of people will be
    benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  26. I require to know just how to watch my blog posts or comments on other individuals blogs. Is there anywhere I could go to get a listing of all my posts?. Any kind of aid valued.

  27. At this time it seems like Expression Engine is the preferred blogging platform available right now.

    (from what I’ve read) Is that what you are using on your blog?

  28. excellent post, very informative. I ponder why the other experts
    of this sector don’t understand this. You must continue your writing.
    I am confident, you have a great readers’ base already!

  29. Hey there! I realize this is sort of off-topic however I needed to ask.
    Does building a well-established website such as yours take a large amount of work?
    I am completely new to writing a blog but I do write in my journal every day.
    I’d like to start a blog so I will be able to share my experience and views online.
    Please let me know if you have any recommendations or tips for
    new aspiring bloggers. Thankyou!

  30. This is very fascinating, You’re an overly professional blogger.
    I’ve joined your feed and stay up for in the hunt for more of your
    fantastic post. Additionally, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks

  31. Hello, this weekend is good in support of me, since
    this time i am reading this wonderful informative piece of writing here at my residence.

  32. Everything is very open with a precise description of the challenges.

    It was definitely informative. Your website is useful.
    Many thanks for sharing!

  33. I just couldn’t go away your web site before suggesting that
    I actually loved the standard info an individual supply on your visitors?

    Is gonna be back regularly in order to inspect new posts

  34. Hello there! This post couldn’t be written any
    better! Looking through this article reminds me of my previous roommate!

    He always kept preaching about this. I most certainly will forward this article to him.
    Fairly certain he’s going to have a great read.

    Thank you for sharing!

  35. I like the valuable information you provide in your articles.
    I’ll bookmark your blog and check again here frequently. I am quite sure I
    will learn many new stuff right here! Best of luck for the next!

  36. I am looking both for blog sites that offer impartial, balanced commentary on all concerns or blogs that have a liberal or left-wing slant. Thank you.

  37. Very shortly this web page will be famous among all
    blogging and site-building people, due to it’s pleasant posts

  38. Hello there I am so grateful I found your blog, I really found you by mistake,
    while I was browsing on Askjeeve for something else, Regardless I am here now
    and would just like to say kudos for a incredible post
    and a all round enjoyable blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have
    time to go through it all at the minute but I have book-marked it
    and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a great
    deal more, Please do keep up the superb b.

  39. Good day! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would be okay.
    I’m undoubtedly enjoying your blog and look forward to new updates.

  40. I blog frequently and I genuinely appreciate your content.
    The article has truly peaked my interest. I am going
    to take a note of your site and keep checking for new details
    about once a week. I subscribed to your Feed as well.

  41. all the time i used to read smaller articles
    which as well clear their motive, and that is also
    happening with this article which I am reading at this place.

  42. Thank you for any other excellent post. Where else may anyone get that type of
    info in such a perfect manner of writing?
    I have a presentation subsequent week, and I’m on the search
    for such information.

  43. It’s perfect time to make a few plans for the longer term and it’s time to be
    happy. I’ve learn this publish and if I could I desire to counsel you few attention-grabbing issues or tips.
    Maybe you can write next articles regarding this article. I wish to read even more things about it!

  44. My programmer is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the costs. But
    he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on various websites for
    about a year and am concerned about switching to another platform.
    I have heard very good things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can import all my wordpress posts into it?
    Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  45. Awesome blog! Do you have any hints for aspiring writers?
    I’m planning to start my own website soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you suggest starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many options
    out there that I’m totally confused .. Any recommendations?
    Kudos!

  46. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article author for
    your weblog. You have some really great posts and I feel I would be a good asset.
    If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d really
    like to write some content for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.

    Please send me an email if interested. Cheers!

  47. What’s Taking place i’m new to this, I stumbled
    upon this I’ve found It absolutely useful and it has helped me out loads.
    I am hoping to give a contribution & assist different customers like its
    helped me. Good job.

  48. Terrific post however I was wanting to know if you could write a litte more on this subject?
    I’d be very grateful if you could elaborate a little bit more.
    Bless you!

  49. Do you mind if I quote a few of your posts as long as I provide credit and sources back to your
    blog? My blog site is in the very same area of interest as yours and my visitors would really benefit from some of the information you provide
    here. Please let me know if this okay with you. Thanks a lot!

  50. Hi! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I
    could locate a captcha plugin for my comment form?
    I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having problems
    finding one? Thanks a lot!

  51. Have you ever considered about including a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is fundamental and everything.
    However think about if you added some great visuals or videos to give your posts more, «pop»!
    Your content is excellent but with pics and videos, this website could certainly be one of the greatest in its niche.

    Excellent blog!

  52. We stumbled over here by a different page and thought I might
    as well check things out. I like what I see so now i’m following you.
    Look forward to exploring your web page yet again.

  53. This page certainly has all the information and
    facts I wanted concerning this subject and didn’t know who to ask.

  54. Your way of telling the whole thing in this piece of writing is really nice, every one
    be capable of without difficulty know it, Thanks a lot.

  55. Hello this is kinda of off topic but I was wanting to know if blogs use WYSIWYG editors
    or if you have to manually code with HTML.

    I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding expertise so I wanted to get advice from someone
    with experience. Any help would be enormously appreciated!

  56. Hey this is somewhat of off topic but I was wondering if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have
    to manually code with HTML. I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding experience so I wanted
    to get advice from someone with experience. Any help would be greatly
    appreciated!

  57. Great article! That is the type of information that are supposed to be shared across
    the internet. Shame on the search engines for not positioning this publish higher!
    Come on over and talk over with my site . Thanks =)

  58. Hey There. I discovered your blog the use of msn. That is an extremely smartly written article.
    I’ll be sure to bookmark it and return to read extra of your
    helpful information. Thanks for the post. I will certainly comeback.

  59. I’m impressed, I must say. Seldom do I come across a blog that’s
    both educative and interesting, and let me tell you, you’ve hit the nail
    on the head. The issue is an issue that not enough men and women are speaking intelligently about.
    I’m very happy I came across this during
    my search for something concerning this.

  60. It’s not my first time to pay a quick visit this web page, i
    am visiting this web page dailly and obtain pleasant information from here
    everyday.

  61. I have 3 blogs on tumblr under the same email address. Exactly how do I remove among those blogs without erasing the other 2?. Ideally, I ‘d such as a person to address whom has actually encountered this issue prior to and addressed it without erasing their various other blogs. Many thanks!.

  62. After research a number of of the weblog posts on your web site now, and I really like your means of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark website listing and will probably be checking back soon. Pls try my web page as well and let me know what you think.

  63. Hello! Quick question that’s entirely off topic.
    Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My blog looks weird when viewing from my iphone.

    I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to correct
    this issue. If you have any recommendations, please share.
    Thanks!

  64. Hey there just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a
    few of the images aren’t loading properly.
    I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue.
    I’ve tried it in two different web browsers and both show the same outcome.

  65. Hello! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering which blog platform
    are you using for this site? I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve had issues with hackers
    and I’m looking at alternatives for another platform.

    I would be fantastic if you could point me in the direction of a good
    platform.

  66. After I originally commented I seem to have clicked on the
    -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on whenever a comment is
    added I get 4 emails with the same comment. Perhaps there is an easy method you can remove me from that service?
    Thank you!

  67. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post
    was good. I do not know who you are but definitely you are going
    to a famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  68. Thank you for every other great post. Where else could anybody
    get that kind of information in such a perfect means of writing?
    I’ve a presentation subsequent week, and I am at the search for such information.

  69. Hello! Quick question that’s completely off topic.
    Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?
    My weblog looks weird when browsing from my apple iphone.
    I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to fix this problem.
    If you have any recommendations, please share. Thanks!

  70. whoah this weblog is wonderful i like studying your posts.
    Stay up the great work! You know, a lot of people are hunting round for this information, you
    could aid them greatly.

  71. Having read this I believed it was rather enlightening.
    I appreciate you taking the time and effort to put this article together.
    I once again find myself personally spending a
    significant amount of time both reading and
    posting comments. But so what, it was still worth it!

  72. Hmm it appears like your blog ate my first comment (it was super long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I
    submitted and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog.
    I as well am an aspiring blog writer but
    I’m still new to the whole thing. Do you have any recommendations for newbie blog writers?
    I’d definitely appreciate it.

  73. It’s fantastic that you are getting ideas from this article
    as well as from our dialogue made at this time.

  74. Wow, wonderful blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?

    you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is fantastic,
    as well as the content!

  75. Hello to every one, the contents existing at this site
    are actually awesome for people experience,
    well, keep up the nice work fellows.

  76. I’m not certain the place you’re getting your info, but
    good topic. I must spend a while studying more or figuring out more.
    Thank you for wonderful information I used to be searching
    for this information for my mission.

  77. I was wondering if you ever thought of changing the layout of your blog?
    Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it
    better. Youve got an awful lot of text for
    only having one or 2 images. Maybe you could space it out better?

  78. I think everything said made a bunch of sense. But, what about
    this? suppose you added a little information? I ain’t suggesting your information is
    not good, but suppose you added a post title to possibly get folk’s attention? I mean 3D
    принтер: будущее рядом | Компьютерная жизнь: Hi-Tech новости is kinda vanilla.
    You should peek at Yahoo’s front page and watch how they create post titles to get people to open the links.
    You might try adding a video or a pic or two to get readers interested about what you’ve written. Just my opinion,
    it would bring your blog a little bit more interesting.

  79. If some one wishes expert view about blogging and site-building afterward i recommend him/her to pay a quick visit
    this website, Keep up the pleasant work.

  80. Spot on with this write-up, I seriously feel this site
    needs far more attention. I’ll probably be back again to
    read more, thanks for the information!

  81. I have been a yahoo customers for some years now. I am only beginning to take advantage of the devices which they supply, one of which being post. I have actually created a blog site and also would like to understand if my post are being seen by others. Otherwise then does anybody know just how I obtain my blogs posts read.

  82. Hello! I know this is somewhat off-topic but I needed to ask.
    Does running a well-established blog such as yours take a lot of work?
    I am brand new to blogging however I do write in my journal everyday.

    I’d like to start a blog so I will be able
    to share my personal experience and thoughts online.
    Please let me know if you have any ideas or tips for new aspiring blog owners.
    Appreciate it!

  83. I am brand-new to website design as I have no prior experience and also know little HTML. I simply want to know what the very best software is to acquire to develop blog sites. I have actually downloaded CS5 Layout Premium with Dreamweaver and also Photoshop, yet I realize this is a little innovative for me and pricey!!!. Does any person have pointers of software or means to build blogs and also sites quickly and inexpensive?. THANKS!.

  84. I’m not that much of a online reader to
    be honest but your sites really nice, keep it up! I’ll go
    ahead and bookmark your site to come back later. Many thanks

  85. Hello my family member! I wish to say that this article is awesome,
    nice written and include approximately all significant infos.
    I would like to look more posts like this .

  86. A film like this couldn’t possibly be done years ago, and technology coupled with an artistic team’s imagination and reference from Thor’s source material, made the big battle sequences interesting.

  87. Definitely believe that which you said. Your favorite reason appeared to be on the internet the simplest thing to be aware of.

    I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people think about worries
    that they just don’t know about. You managed to
    hit the nail upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people can take a
    signal. Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  88. I’m not sure why but this web site is loading very slow for me.
    Is anyone else having this problem or is it a issue
    on my end? I’ll check back later and see if the
    problem still exists.

  89. What are the most effective complimentary blog sites that allow user-sponsored marketing and sales?

  90. Simply just how does one earn money from blogs? Exactly how does one begin it or set about it? Exists a particular method to do it? Simply just how does one earn money from blogs in the first place? Where does one get started in this? Do you have to promote and utilize your bank card? Are there any kind of particular sort of regulations you have to comply with? Do you have to establish the blog site up yourself or are there ones that help you establish it up? Exactly how do you get marketers on your blog? Are people minimal to the variety of blogs online? How often do you earn money?. Many thanks for the help!.

ОСТАВЬТЕ ОТВЕТ