Специалисты Университета Вашингтона совместно с американским ведомством NASA создадут космическую «субмарину». Ее отправят исследовать спутник планеты Сатурн — Титан. Он считается вторым по величине спутником Солнечной системы.

Об этом пишет «Phys.org» на своей странице в «Twitter».

Титан и Земля — единственные космические тела, которые имеют стабильный запас водных ресурсов на собственных поверхностях. Спутник Сатурна насчитывает большое количество пресных запасов — рек, озер и океанов.

Читайте также: NASA исследует пригодные для жизни экзопланеты системы «TRAPPIST-1»

Ученые создали «ледяную» лабораторию в процессе подготовки к разработке «субмарины». Поскольку температура воздуха Титана составляет -180 градусов по Цельсию, подобные условия помогут специалистам исследовать влияние холода на космический транспорт. Также это позволит создать способ избежать последствий перепада температур между окружающей средой спутника и «подводной лодкой», которая в процессе работы будет нагреваться.

Сатурн\ Видео NASA

В лабораторию поместили резервуар с смесью. Она состоит из метана, этана и других углеводородов, что есть на Титане. Потом погрузили туда специальный картридж, температура которого соответствует температуре «субмарины» во время работы. Результат исследования выявил образование пузырьков азота, которые способны усложнить процесс управления судном.

Космический «подводная лодка» уже оснащена современной видеокамерой и космическим зондом. Они будут исследовать Титан даже в условиях низких температур и высокого давления.

Специалисты планируют первый полет «субмарины» в ближайшие 20 лет.


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