Ночью "жаворонки" работают быстрее, а  "совы" внимательнее − ученые

Ученые провели первое исследование влияния лишения сна на людей с разными хронотипами.

 

Ночью «ранние пташки» быстрее, чем полуночники, справляются с заданиями, связанными с повышенной внимательностью, но при этом допускают больше ошибок. К такому выводу пришли ученые из Высшей школы экономики и Оксфордского университета. Исследование было опубликовано в журнале Experimental Brain Research.

 

Это первое исследование влияния лишения сна на людей с разными хронотипами. 23 добровольца должны были бодрствовать по 18 часов, с 8.00 утра до 2.00 ночи, при этом занимаясь своими обычными делами.

 

После пробуждения и перед отходом ко сну участники исследования проходили тест на внимательность. Утренние результаты у «сов» и «жаворонков» не различались, разница была только в вечерних.

 

Ученые связывают это с разным подходом к выполнению заданий: «совы» привыкли концентрироваться в вечерние часы. Так, несмотря на более низкую скорость, спустя 18 часов без сна они оказались более эффективны.

 

Сова или жаворонок: найден ген, отвечающий за биоритмы

 

Как сообщал Корреспондент.net, ученые доказывают, что склонность засыпать и просыпаться в определенное время может определить черты характера человека. 

По материалам:

Газета.Ru

Источник: korrespondent.net

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