Ученые выяснили происхождение минойцев и микенцев

Герои Илиады и мифов Древней Греции были близкими родичами древних жителей Турции и Ирана.

Первые европейские цивилизации — минойцы с острова Крит и микенцы с юга материковой Греции — генетически похожи на население Малой Азии, Кавказа и Ирана. Микенцы вдобавок оказались обладателями генов охотников-собирателей из Восточной Европы и Сибири. Об иccледовании немецких генетиков сообщается в журнале Nature, передает N+1.

Примерно в середине четвертого тысячелетия до нашей эры на Крите возникла минойская культура — первая высокоразвитая цивилизация в Европе. Минойцы были первыми европейцами, которые изобрели письменность. Они обрабатывали бронзу, делали керамические изделия и строили многоэтажные дворцы с водопроводом и канализацией.

У них существовали централизованные города-государства, во главе каждого из которых стоял царь. Впоследствии это государственное устройство позаимствовали в материковой Греции. Критяне, по-видимому, были искусными мореплавателями: они торговали с Египтом, материковой Грецией, Кипром, Месопотамией.

Города на Крите были смыты цунами, которое обрушилось на северное побережье после извержения вулкана Санторин примерно в 1645-1500 годах до нашей эры. Минойская цивилизация существовала еще как минимум столетие, но в конце концов остров была завоевана микенцами — выходцами из материковой Греции.

Микенцы позаимствовали у жителей Крита государственное устройство, письменность, фресковую живопись и, возможно, принципы кораблестроения. Они основали несколько городов, которые впоследствии превратились в города-государства, в частности Афины, Спарту и Фивы.

В отличие от критян, микенцы были воинственным народом, они стали героями поэм Гомера — ахейцами, завоевавшими Трою. После того как микенцы завоевали Крит и колонизировали близлежащие острова, они стали главной силой в регионе. Но примерно в 1200-1100 годах до нашей эры микенская цивилизация пришла в упадок.

До сих пор ученым было неясно, кем были минойцы и микенцы по происхождению. Минойскую письменность (линейное письмо А) расшифровать до сих пор не удалось, поэтому лингвистические доказательства происхождения минойцев пока отсутствуют.

Авторы нового исследования отсеквенировали ДНК 19 представителей древнего Средиземноморья: минойцев, живших в период 4900-3700 лет назад, микенцев из материковой Греции и с Крита (возраст останков — 3700-3200 лет) и жителей юго-западной Анатолии (на территории современной Турции).

Кроме того, исследователи использовали уже опубликованные последовательности ДНК 332 древних жителей Средиземноморья, Ирана, Кавказа, Анатолии и Восточно-европейской степи, и геномы 2600 современных европейцев (в том числе критян) и жителей Западной Азии.

В результате генетики выяснили, что и минойцы и микенцы генетически были похожи на неолитических жителей Анатолии и выходцев с востока: с Кавказа и с территории современного Ирана.

Проанализированные геномы на 62-86 процентов соответствовали ДНК неолитических жителей Анатолии, а 9-32 процента составлял «восточный» компонент. Кроме того, микенцы генетически были похожи на охотников-собирателей из Восточной Европы и Сибири.

Ранее индийские геофизики и археологи в новом исследовании привели свидетельства того, что Индская цивилизация может быть древнейшей в мире. 

Источник: korrespondent.net

154 КОММЕНТАРИИ

  1. I just want to say I’m new to blogs and really enjoyed this web site. Almost certainly I’m going to bookmark your blog post . You absolutely come with awesome article content. Thanks a bunch for revealing your webpage.

  2. obviously like your web-site but you have to test the spelling on several of your posts. Many of them are rife with spelling problems and I in finding it very troublesome to tell the reality on the other hand I will certainly come back again.

  3. How can I have updates of new blog posts from my blog being automatically posted on my Twitter?

  4. Right now firefox automatically downloads an mp3 and opens it. I want it to prompt me with the dialog box so I can choose where to save it. I’ve looked in options->downloads->view and edit actions and there is nothing set there that I can change..

  5. I was just wondering what computer software you would need to make business cards or labels from a home computer. Is is easy or even worth the time or money..

  6. I simply want to mention I’m newbie to blogs and certainly savored your web blog. Most likely I’m want to bookmark your site . You absolutely come with impressive articles and reviews. Regards for sharing with us your website page.

  7. I like what you guys are up too. Such clever work and reporting! Keep up the excellent works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my website 🙂

  8. My brother recommended I might like this web site. He was totally right. This post actually made my day. You can not imagine just how much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

  9. I¡¦ve been exploring for a bit for any high quality articles or weblog posts in this sort of house . Exploring in Yahoo I finally stumbled upon this website. Studying this info So i am glad to show that I’ve an incredibly just right uncanny feeling I discovered exactly what I needed. I most surely will make certain to don¡¦t forget this web site and give it a glance regularly.

  10. I’m a 17 year old male who has very good experience with Relationships, I have helped a lot of my friends get through situations and got everything back to normal. I want to start a website where people post any questions about their Relationship and allow me to help them get things back in action again.. If anyone has any ideas please let me know..

  11. hi!,I really like your writing so much! share we communicate more about your article on AOL? I require an expert in this house to unravel my problem. Maybe that’s you! Having a look ahead to look you.

  12. Simply want to share something. I need to submit my blog sites to blog site sites with numerous people reviewing blog sites. That’s what I need the majority of.

  13. Great post. I was checking continuously this blog and I’m impressed! Extremely useful info specifically the last part 🙂 I care for such information a lot. I was looking for this certain information for a very long time. Thank you and best of luck.

  14. I ‘d like to have the ability to mark blog sites I such as and also have them show on my internet site. Any ideas on the most effective path to handle this. Any kind of input would be practical.

  15. I have actually been looking for blogs where blog writer covers penis enlargement or a minimum of explores the topic of penis enlargement with an independent as well as major voice. What are the leading blog sites of this kind?.

  16. Excellent way of describing, and fastidious post
    to obtain facts regarding my presentation topic, which i am going to
    convey in academy.

  17. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could
    add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some
    experience with something like this. Please let me know if
    you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and
    I look forward to your new updates.

  18. Very great post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to mention that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your
    blog posts. In any case I’ll be subscribing on your feed
    and I’m hoping you write once more very soon!

  19. Do you have a spam problem on this blog; I also am a
    blogger, and I was wanting to know your situation; many of us have developed some nice
    methods and we are looking to exchange strategies
    with other folks, be sure to shoot me an e-mail if interested.

  20. Howdy! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a group
    of volunteers and starting a new project in a community in the
    same niche. Your blog provided us beneficial information to
    work on. You have done a wonderful job!

  21. Hey There. I discovered your weblog the usage of msn. This is a very neatly written article.
    I’ll be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your helpful info.
    Thank you for the post. I’ll certainly comeback.

  22. Hiya very nice website!! Man .. Beautiful ..
    Amazing .. I will bookmark your blog and take the feeds also?
    I’m glad to search out a lot of useful information right here within the post,
    we’d like work out extra strategies in this regard, thank you for sharing.
    . . . . .

  23. I want to blog about issues I do not want connecting with my ‘job’ self. How do I choose a blog host that has a good privacy record, simply put, I don’t desire it to be very easy for individuals to compare my IP address or accessibility my individual details. Additionally, having set the blog up, exactly how do you urge high volume visitors?. I have actually just utilized LJ prior to as well as I wish to try something a bit different, but privacy is the greatest issue for me. Would invite pointers of good free blog hosts.

  24. Awesome blog! Do you have any tips for aspiring writers?
    I’m planning to start my own site soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you propose starting with a free platform like
    Wordpress or go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m
    totally overwhelmed .. Any tips? Thanks a lot!

  25. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I
    acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

  26. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your website
    and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts.
    Anyway I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

  27. Does your blog have a contact page? I’m having trouble locating
    it but, I’d like to send you an e-mail. I’ve got some recommendations
    for your blog you might be interested in hearing.
    Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing
    it grow over time.

  28. Hi there to every , for the reason that I am in fact eager of reading this webpage’s post to be updated regularly.

    It carries good stuff.

  29. Greetings from Ohio! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided to
    browse your website on my iphone during lunch break. I enjoy
    the information you present here and can’t wait to take a
    look when I get home. I’m amazed at how fast your blog loaded on my cell phone ..
    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, fantastic site!

  30. Having read this I thought it was very informative.
    I appreciate you finding the time and energy to
    put this article together. I once again find myself spending
    a lot of time both reading and commenting.
    But so what, it was still worth it!

  31. Hello! Someone in my Facebook group shared this website with
    us so I came to look it over. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m bookmarking and will be
    tweeting this to my followers! Great blog and outstanding
    style and design.

  32. Right now it appears like Drupal is the preferred blogging platform available right now. (from what I’ve read) Is that what you’re using on your blog?

  33. I’m curious to find out what blog system you are utilizing?
    I’m experiencing some minor security issues with my latest website and I’d like to find something
    more risk-free. Do you have any recommendations?

  34. I quite like looking through an article that will make men and women think.
    Also, thank you for allowing me to comment!

  35. If you desire to grow your know-how simply keep visiting this website and
    be updated with the newest gossip posted here.

  36. I obtained two networked blog site setting of a solitary blog in facebook. I intend to remove of them. Exists any type of method to remove just one networked blog site keeping the another as it is?.

  37. A fascinating discussion is definitely worth comment.
    I do think that you should write more about this
    topic, it might not be a taboo subject but usually
    folks don’t talk about these topics. To the next! Many thanks!!

  38. I just could not go away your site prior to suggesting
    that I extremely loved the standard information a person supply for
    your guests? Is going to be again frequently
    to check out new posts

  39. Hiya! I know this is kinda off topic nevertheless I’d figured I’d ask.

    Would you be interested in trading links or maybe guest authoring a blog post or vice-versa?

    My blog addresses a lot of the same topics as yours and I think we could
    greatly benefit from each other. If you happen to be interested feel free to shoot me
    an e-mail. I look forward to hearing from you!
    Wonderful blog by the way!

  40. Hi are using WordPress for your site platform?
    I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and set
    up my own. Do you require any html coding knowledge to make your own blog?

    Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  41. I am helping some friends obtain their store on the map and noticed. They have an internet site. Among the ways in my research study to enhance a website is to use a blog. I am not blog site wise and also neither are they so need a little assistance as to great sites to position there blog so that they obtain discovered.

  42. Amazing things here. I am very glad to see your post.
    Thanks a lot and I am looking ahead to contact you.
    Will you kindly drop me a e-mail?

  43. I’m really impressed with your writing abilities as
    neatly as with the layout in your weblog. Is that this a paid
    subject matter or did you customize it your self?
    Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it’s uncommon to see a nice blog like this one these days..

  44. Hello! Quick question that’s entirely off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?
    My web site looks weird when browsing from my
    iphone4. I’m trying to find a template or plugin that
    might be able to correct this problem. If you have any recommendations, please share.
    With thanks!

  45. Hello, every time i used to check weblog posts here early in the dawn, because i enjoy
    to gain knowledge of more and more.

  46. Hello there! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would be ok.

    I’m definitely enjoying your blog and look forward to new updates.

  47. To sum it up, by taking full advantage of bonuses like the Sportsbetting Promo Code Bonus, you will be sure that you are turning the odds in your favor.

  48. Howdy! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a team of
    volunteers and starting a new project in a community in the same niche.
    Your blog provided us useful information to work on. You have done a extraordinary job!

  49. Thank you, I have just been looking for info about this topic for a while
    and yours is the greatest I’ve discovered so far. However, what
    about the conclusion? Are you positive in regards to
    the supply?

  50. I think the admin of this site is truly working hard for his site, since here every data is quality based material.

  51. Hello! This is my first comment here so I just
    wanted to give a quick shout out and say I truly enjoy reading your posts.
    Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same subjects?
    Thank you!

  52. First of all I would like to say excellent blog! I had a quick question in which
    I’d like to ask if you do not mind. I was curious to find out how you center yourself and clear
    your head before writing. I’ve had a difficult time
    clearing my mind in getting my thoughts out there. I truly do
    enjoy writing however it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are usually
    wasted simply just trying to figure out how to begin. Any recommendations or tips?
    Thank you!

  53. Incredible! This blog looks just like my old one! It’s on a
    completely different topic but it has pretty much the same page layout and design. Outstanding choice of colors!

  54. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted
    to say that I’ve really enjoyed surfing around your blog posts.

    In any case I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

  55. Every weekend i used to pay a quick visit this website, as i want enjoyment,
    for the reason that this this site conations in fact
    pleasant funny material too.

  56. Hi, i have a totally free wordpress blog site. I have added the widgets that can be found in the widget section. Yet how do i add widgets that are from 3rd parties such as clustrmaps? If totally free wordpress blog sites do not enable that, which free blog service permits that?.

  57. Hello! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would
    be okay. I’m definitely enjoying your blog and look forward to new updates.

  58. Thank you for every other excellent post. The place else may just anybody get that type of information in such
    a perfect manner of writing? I’ve a presentation subsequent
    week, and I’m on the look for such info.

  59. Hi there, after reading this remarkable article i am as well cheerful
    to share my experience here with friends.

  60. I have read several just right stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting.

    I wonder how a lot effort you set to make the sort of magnificent informative site.

  61. I am extremely impressed with your writing skills and
    also with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did
    you customize it yourself? Either way keep up the nice quality writing,
    it is rare to see a nice blog like this one today.

  62. It is not my first time to go to see this web site, i
    am browsing this web site dailly and get good
    information from here everyday.

  63. I’m not that much of a internet reader to be honest but your sites really
    nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to come back down the road.
    All the best

  64. Hiya very nice blog!! Guy .. Beautiful .. Wonderful .. I will bookmark your web
    site and take the feeds also? I’m satisfied to seek out so many helpful
    information here in the publish, we’d like work
    out more techniques in this regard, thanks for sharing.
    . . . . .

  65. Howdy! I could have sworn I’ve been to this website before but
    after going through a few of the articles I realized it’s new to me.

    Anyways, I’m certainly happy I found it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back frequently!

  66. After I originally commented I appear to have clicked on the -Notify me
    when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on each time a comment is added I recieve four
    emails with the same comment. Perhaps there is an easy method you can remove me from that service?

    Kudos!

  67. Howdy! I realize this is sort of off-topic but I needed to ask.
    Does building a well-established blog such as yours take a
    massive amount work? I’m completely new to blogging but I do write in my journal daily.
    I’d like to start a blog so I will be able to share my experience and
    views online. Please let me know if you have any recommendations or tips for brand new aspiring blog owners.
    Thankyou!

  68. Useful information. Lucky me I found your website by accident, and I
    am stunned why this coincidence didn’t came about in advance!
    I bookmarked it.

  69. I need to to thank you for this great read!! I absolutely enjoyed every bit of it.

    I have got you bookmarked to check out new
    things you post…

  70. I think what you published made a lot of sense. However,
    what about this? what if you added a little content?
    I ain’t saying your information isn’t solid, but what if you added a post title that makes people desire more?
    I mean Ученые выяснили происхождение минойцев и микенцев | Компьютерная жизнь:
    Hi-Tech новости is a little vanilla. You should look at Yahoo’s front page and note how they write news titles to get viewers interested.
    You might add a video or a pic or two to get people excited about what
    you’ve written. Just my opinion, it might make your blog
    a little bit more interesting.

  71. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital to assert that
    I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing to your augment and even I
    achievement you access consistently rapidly.

  72. You’re so interesting! I don’t think I’ve read a single thing like that before.
    So nice to discover another person with some original thoughts on this subject.
    Really.. thank you for starting this up. This website is something that is needed on the web, someone with a little originality!

  73. Wow, incredible blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?

    you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your site
    is wonderful, as well as the content!

  74. Thanks , I have just been searching for info about this subject
    for a while and yours is the greatest I’ve came upon till now.
    However, what in regards to the bottom line? Are you certain in regards to the supply?

  75. Hello Dear, are you in fact visiting this site on a regular basis, if
    so afterward you will without doubt get pleasant experience.

  76. I’m very happy to find this website. I want to to thank you for ones time
    for this fantastic read!! I definitely liked every part of
    it and i also have you saved to fav to see new things in your site.

  77. This excellent website truly has all the information and facts I wanted about this subject
    and didn’t know who to ask.

  78. Hi there, i read your blog from time to time and i own a
    similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam remarks?
    If so how do you stop it, any plugin or anything you can recommend?
    I get so much lately it’s driving me mad so
    any support is very much appreciated.

  79. I’ve been surfing on-line more than three hours these days, but I never discovered any fascinating article like yours.
    It’s lovely price enough for me. In my view, if all web owners and bloggers made
    good content as you probably did, the internet can be a lot more useful than ever before.

  80. What’s Going down i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I have discovered It
    positively helpful and it has helped me out loads.
    I hope to contribute & assist other customers like its helped me.
    Good job.

  81. Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This
    is an extremely well written article. I will be sure to
    bookmark it and return to read more of your useful info.
    Thanks for the post. I will definitely comeback.

  82. I am very new to website design as I have no previous experience and also recognize little HTML. I just need to know what the very best software program is to purchase to develop blog sites. I have actually downloaded and install CS5 Layout Premium with Dreamweaver and Photoshop, but I realize this is a little innovative for me and costly!!!. Does anyone have recommendations of software program or methods to develop blogs and websites conveniently and also low-cost?. THANKS!.

  83. Do you blog? Do you blog site to advertise products you are marketing? I am rather brand-new to the blogging globe. I mostly blog to market products that I am offering and sites that I am offering on. Exactly how do I get traffic to my blog? Do I basically just require to include material? Does my blog obtain gotten in the search? Any suggestions on blog writing is significantly needed. Hello there, yes I mention it on my twitter account as well as likewise my various other web-sites.

  84. My family always say that I am killing my time here at net,
    except I know I am getting familiarity everyday by reading
    thes good articles.

  85. I was pretty pleased to find this great site.
    I wanted to thank you for your time due to this wonderful read!!

    I definitely enjoyed every part of it and i also have you saved to fav to check out new stuff in your web site.

  86. I always used to read piece of writing in news papers but now as I am a user
    of net so from now I am using net for posts, thanks to web.

  87. This design is spectacular! You most certainly
    know how to keep a reader entertained. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!)
    Great job. I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that,
    how you presented it. Too cool!

  88. I’m curious to find out what blog system you are utilizing?
    I’m experiencing some small security problems with my latest blog and
    I would like to find something more safe. Do
    you have any recommendations?

  89. What’s up i am kavin, its my first time to commenting anywhere, when i read this article i thought i
    could also make comment due to this sensible piece of writing.

  90. I enjoy what you guys tend to be up too. Such clever work
    and reporting! Keep up the superb works guys I’ve you guys to
    blogroll.

  91. Hey there! I simply want to offer you a big thumbs up for the excellent info you
    have here on this post. I am returning to your website for more soon.

  92. Wow, incredible blog layout! How lengthy have you been blogging for?
    you made running a blog look easy. The total
    glance of your website is magnificent, as well as the content!

  93. Currently it seems like Expression Engine is the preferred blogging platform
    available right now. (from what I’ve read) Is that what you’re using on your blog?

  94. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you
    knew of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter
    updates. I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something
    like this. Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

  95. Where can I locate legit blogs that are concentrated on or at least dig seriously right into penis augmentation?

  96. Every code I attempt either leaves a substantial gap on top of the web page, or at the bottom of the web page. Its most definitely that code creating it. I’ve tried so many codes trying to conceal the blogs & extensive network, but they all leave a white space either at the top or at the bottom. Any person obtained one that does not create the white space? Or how to get rid of the white space?.

ОСТАВЬТЕ ОТВЕТ